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Thermal Vents and Seeps


Unique deep sea communities depend on hydrothermal vents for energy, a habitat so remote it wasn't scientifically described until the 1970s. The Deep-Water Chemosynthetic Ecosystems (ChEss) group discovered over 300 new species living is this realm, and located vents that were hotter and deeper than any previously known, as well as finding vents further north and south. More


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